Our intestines harbor a highly complex and dynamic community of microorganisms whose number greatly exceeds that of the human cells comprising our bodies. Gut microbiota have been shown to impact various physiological processes ranging from obesity, to energy metabolism, blood pressure control, glucose homeostasis and even cognitive processes and behavior.
This opens an opportunity to improve health by modifying the composition of our gut microbiota.
Modulation of the gut microbiota to a more healthy composition through diet has become a promising approach to improve human health. A simple way to improve the composition of the gut microbiota is by increasing the intake of dietary fibers and prebiotic-rich foods.