The microorganisms that live inside and on humans are known as microbiota, the genetic material of these microbiota are collectively defined as the microbiome, although both terms are used interchangeably. In recent years a tremendous interest has grown in the importance of one’s intestinal microbiota in relation to health and well-being.
Researchers found that the gut microbiome is of extreme importance for human health, since the gut microbiota have evolved with the human body and benefit from the interaction with each other. Evidence grows that the gut microbiota impacts on us both physically as well as mentally. The question remains how we can influence our gut microbiome in the future to become healthier.